Best Minecraft Food Guide – Best Food for Healing & In The Game!

Our Minecraft Best Food Guide will help bring you up to speed with how food and, more importantly, hunger works in the world's favorite survival simulator. Unless you're playing on Creative or Spectator mode, you'll have to deal with hunger in Minecraft. This is represented by a bar near your health bar that looks like a collection of (presumably) chicken drumsticks. Depending on how high or low this bar is, you'll receive a variety of positive and negative status effects. Managing this is a big part of the survival experience, so we're going to teach you all about it right here.

How Hunger Works in Minecraft

Hunger is a mechanic in Minecraft that exists in survival mode, and provides you with positive or negative status effects depending on how much it has diminished.

  • You can check on your hunger bar at any time by glancing at the collection of drumsticks just by your health bar.
  • When your hunger bar is at its maximum, you should see 10 drumsticks. In total, there are 20 hunger points, each of which are represented as half a drumstick.
  • If your hunger bar is full, you'll receive the maximum benefits. This includes natural healing, the ability to sprint, and you won't receive damage from starvation.

As the bar empties, you'll start to pick up negative status effects. These include losing the ability to heal naturally at 17 points, losing the ability to sprint at six points, and taking damage due to starvation when it hits zero. At this point, you can probably guess that you need to ensure your hunger bar is topped up at all times – particularly if you plan on getting yourself into danger. But to keep it topped up, you need to both know what diminishes and restores it. That's simple. Performing pretty much any action in Minecraft diminishes your hunger, while eating food restores it.

How Saturation Works in Minecraft

Alongside hunger is a separate bar known as "saturation". This bar isn't visible, and controls the rate at which your hunger bar decreases.

  • You gain saturation by eating particular foods that reward you with saturation points.
  • Saturation will be drained before your hunger bar stops dropping, and you'll know that your saturation is empty if your hunger bar begins to shake.
  • It's important to note that your saturation level cannot exceed your current hunger level. So, for example, if your hunger bar is currently at 10, your maximum saturation cannot exceed 10.
  • Each food in Minecraft restores a certain number of hunger points, but overeating doesn't simply apply those excess hunger points into saturation.
  • Instead, you need to eat food that restores higher amounts of saturation. We'll go into that in more detail in our recipes list below.

How Exhaustion Works in Minecraft

Exhaustion is a statistic in Minecraft that measures how much food or saturation you lose when performing a specific action. Many actions in Minecraft grant you exhaustion, from swimming to jumping or contracting food poisoning. It's a little complex but, basically, you'll lose a point of hunger or saturation whenever you perform enough actions to reach an exhaustion level of four. When this happens, you'll lose a point of hunger (half a drumstick) or a point of saturation, and your exhaustion level will reset.

Here's a lost of all of the actions in Minecraft that lead to exhaustion and how much exhaustion they cause:

  • Breaking Blocks: 0.005 exhaustion per block.
  • Jumping: 0.05 exhaustion per jump.
  • Swimming: 0.01 exhaustion per metre.
  • Attacking: 0.1 exhaustion per attack hit.
  • Taking Damage: 0.1 exhaustion per attack received.
  • Jumping While Sprinting: 0.2 per jump.
  • Food poisoning from raw chicken or rotten flesh: 0.1 per second for 30 seconds.
  • Food poisoning from pufferfish: 0.3 per second for 15 seconds.

Best Minecraft Food

The best food in Minecraft generally depends on the current state of your hunger bar. If it's low, you'll want food that restores the highest number of hunger points. However, it's probably a better idea to ensure that your hunger bar never diminishes in the first place, and that's where we come back to saturation. As well as restoring a certain number of hunger points, food restores a certain amount of saturation.

Given that your saturation cannot exceed your current hunger level, it makes sense to keep your saturation topped up as often as possible. There are a number of different ways to do this, and it probably warrants a guide of its own, but we'd recommend waiting until your hunger bar starts to shake, signalling that your saturation level is low, then eating food that restores a high amount of saturation. Keep this up, and you'll never have to worry about hunger again – provided you have enough food on you.

Top Tier

  • Golden Carrot: six hunger points restored, 14.4 saturation points restored. Craft with a carrot and eight gold nuggets.
  • Golden Apple: four hunger points restored, 9.6 saturation points restored. Craft with an apple and eight gold ingots.
  • Enchanted Golden Apple: four hunger points restored, 9.6 saturation points restored.

Second Tier

  • Cooked Porkchop: eight hunger points restored, 12.8 saturation restored. Cook raw porkchop.
  • Steak: eight hunger points restored, 12.8 saturation points restored. Cook raw beef.
  • Cooked Mutton: six hunger points restored, 9.6 saturation points restored. Cook raw mutton.
  • Cooked Salmon: six hunger points restored, 9.6 saturation points restored. Cook raw salmon.

Third Tier

  • Cooked Chicken: six hunger points restored, 7.2 saturation points restored. Cook raw chicken.
  • Cooked Rabbit: six hunger points restored, six saturation points restored. Cook raw rabbit.
  • Rabbit Stew: 10 hunger points restored, 12 saturation points restored.  Craft with a bowl, carrot, baked potato, red mushroom, and cooked rabbit.
  • Mushroom Stew: six hunger points restored, 7.2 saturation points restored. Craft with a bowl, a red mushroom, and a brown mushroom.
  • Bread: five hunger points restored, six saturation points restored: Craft with three wheat.
  • Cooked Cod: Five hunger points restored, six saturation points restored. Cook raw cod.
  • Baked Potato: Five hunger points restored, six saturation points restored. Cook a potato.
  • Beetroot Soup: Six hunger points restored, 7.2 saturation points restored. Craft with six beetroot and one bowl.
  • Suspicious Stew: 13 hunger points restored, 21.2 saturation points restored. Craft with one red mushroom, one brown mushroom, a bowl, and a flower of any type.
  • Carrot: three hunger points restored, 3.6 saturation points restored.
  • Beetroot: one hunger points restored, 1.2 saturation points restored.

Fourth Tier

  • Dried Kelp: one hunger points restored, 0.6 saturation points restored. Cook kelp.
  • Apple: four hunger points restored, 2.4 saturation points restored.
  • Raw Beef: three hunger points restored, 1.8 saturation points restored.
  • Raw Porkchop: three hunger points restored, 0.6 saturation points restored.
  • Raw Mutton: two hunger restored, 1.2 saturation points restored.
  • Raw Chicken: two hunger points restored, 1.2 saturation points restored.
  • Raw Rabbit: three hunger points restored, 1.8 saturation points restored.
  • Melon Slice: two hunger points restored, 1.2 saturation points restored.
  • Potato: one hunger point restored, 0.6 saturation points restored.
  • Pumpkin Pie: eight hunger points restored, 4.8 saturation points restored. Craft with a pumpkin, sugar, and an egg.
  • Chorus Fruit: four hunger points restored, 2.4 saturation points restored.
  • Honey Bottle: six hunger points restored, 2.4 saturation points restored. Craft by using a glass bottle on a bee hive or bee nest.

Fifth Tier

  • Cookie: two hunger points restored, 0.4 saturation points restored. Craft with two wheat and cocoa beans.
  • Cake: two hunger points restored, 0.4 saturation points restored per slice (seven slices total). Craft with three milk buckets, two sugar, an egg, and three wheat.
  • Raw Cod: two hunger points restored, 0.4 saturation points restored.
  • Tropical Fish: one hunger point restored, 0.2 saturation points restored.
  • Raw Salmon: two hunger points restored, 0.2 saturation points restored.
  • Sweet Berries: two hunger points restored, 0.4 saturation points restored.

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